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Tuesday, 21 July 2015

ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS PART II: List of international environmental agreements

Most of the following agreements are legally binding for countries that have formally ratified them. Some, such as the Kyoto Protocol, differentiate between types of countries and each nation's respective responsibilities under the agreement.

ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS

PART I

Life without our surrounding environment will in no way amount to anything profitable. A capitalist will definitely agree to this notion. So why degrade it? Environmental conservation or protection does not advocate complete preservation. We are expected to take from the earth's resources reserve as much as we can replace. The problem is our tendency to do otherwise. We scoop and dig and devour without replenishing. This is a crime against the environment and it is punishable by starvation or total economic embargo. In a corrupt and selfish world, environmental laws are only portraits on our shelves which we consult when things get out of hand. Only a few apologists find delight in studying and enforcing them. Someone has to pay the penalty for negligence at the end. We have series of environmental challenges. They include the sudden rise in temperature, desertification, extinction of rare species which we are mostly responsible for, air pollution, loss of drinking water due to water pollution etc. When our environment is destroyed, we go all the way down with it. We are too dependent on it. This means we cannot do without it. It supplies us water, air and food. Trees around us provide materials we need to build shelters and make our clothing. They also shelter us from harsh weathers. The soil beneath our feet holds our water, enriches our food crops and supports our development. So we owe almost everything to mother nature. We must then do what ever we must do to protect, conserve and sustain her. 


ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS

The bulk of environmental law stems from the distinction in economics between perceived costs and social costs. The basic idea is this: a company makes decisions based on the costs it faces. When a company contributes towards pollution, without environmental law there is no obvious, tangible cost. However, that pollution may later lead to very real costs such as medical bills for victims of pollution or decreased efficiency of agricultural land. The company essentially passed these costs — called social costs or negative externalities — off to somebody else, who is now left footing the part of the bill for the company’s operations while the company alone enjoys the profits.

Environmental law serves to create rules that shift social costs back to the companies that cause them. Attorneys working in environmental law have helped develop innovative legal theories to achieve this goal. In addition to simple limits on certain pollutants, lawyers in environmental law have come up with systems like cap-and-trade and environmental trusts. In a cap-and-trade system, companies who find ways to avoid pollution are given credits which they can sell to companies who do pollute. The companies who do pollute must either find technical ways to offset their pollution or purchase credits. In an environmental trust, environmental objects such as rivers are given lawyers who can sue polluters in court for money which is placed in a trust dedicated to maintaining the local environment and ecology of the environmental object.

It is therefore important that set laws are enforced. That way we are sure to sustain our existence on this green planet


Monday, 23 September 2013

PDP convention: Contempt case against Jonathan starts Sept 30


President Goodluck Jonathan

An Abuja Federal High Court will on September 30 hear an application in which a local manufacturer, Beddings Holdings Limited, is seeking to join President Goodluck Jonathan and officials of the Peoples Democratic Party in a pending contempt suit for allegedly using its patented ballot boxes for the August 31 national convention without permission.


The date was disclosed in hearing notices served on Jonathan, the PDP and the concerned officials.

Obama at Navy Yard massacre memorial: Recent shootings 'ought to obsess us'


Lamenting “once more” a deadly mass shooting, President Barack Obama assured families of the Navy Yard massacre victims at a memorial service on Sunday there was “nothing routine about this tragedy, there’s nothing routine about your loss.”
The service was held at the Washington Marine Barracks, just blocks from where authorities say Aaron Alexis shot and killed 12 Navy Yard workers on Monday afternoon and injured eight others.
"I fear there's a creeping resignation that this is somehow the new normal," Obama said. "It ought to obsess us, it ought to lead to some sort of transformation."



Charles Dharapak, AP
President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama, behind the president, attend a memorial service for the victims of the Washington Navy Yard shooting at Marine Barracks in Washington on Sunday.

Thursday, 19 September 2013

You may know one or two folks who needs this badly.....

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Wednesday, 18 September 2013

2015: Political jobbers, war-mongers have seized Nigeria –Mark


Senate President, David Mark, said yesterday, that political jobbers and war-mongers have seized the Nigerian political space ahead of the 2015 general elections which is still two years away. The Senate President made the observation while welcoming Senators at Tuesday’s plenary after a seven-week recess.
Mark noted that the antics of those agitating for political office ahead of 2015 was to unduly overheat the polity, adding that beating the drums of war and making treasonable comments were well-worn antics that would not work.
“Distinguished colleagues, more than ever before, our countrymen and women are looking up to us for leadership, redemption and stability. The polity is assailed by political tremors, all on account of the 2015 elections. Here, in this chamber, we are first and foremost, Senators of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and though not impervious to the present centrifugal political pulls, we must put the interest of Nigeria above every other consideration.

Serial killer Gary Ridgway jailed for 49 murders confesses to 85 to KOMO-TV



AMERICA'S most prolific serial killer, who is in jail for killing 49 women, has now confessed to a TV crew to killing 85.
Gary Ridgway, known as the Green River Killer, claims he is revealing the true number of his victims to try to help bring closure to their families.
Ridgway, who murdered prostitutes and teenage runaways in King County, Washington State during the 1980s and 1990s, made the revelation in a series of telephone interviews with KOMO-TV's Charlie Harger.